Processing and Characterization of Bilayer Materials by Solid State Sintering for Orthopedic Applications

Jorge Sergio Téllez-Martínez, Luis Olmos, Víctor Manuel Solorio-García, Héctor Javier Vergara-Hernández, Jorge Chávez, Dante Arteaga - Tecnológico Nacional de México, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Nowadays, industrial processes demand materials with specific properties and localized microstructures to improve material performance. To satisfy particular needs, the development of materials with changing mechanical properties and/or microstructures along a preferential direction has been developed. These are called Functional Graded Materials (FGMs). Among these materials, a variation on the porosity along the part is very useful for different industrial applications, such as microfiltration [1], biomedical applications [2,3,4,5] and microelectronic devices [6]. Research into materials that can be used as bone implants has received a lot of attention in the past decade due to their capacity to improve human health.

A new processing route is proposed to produce graded porous materials by placing particles of Ti6Al4V with different sizes in different configurations to obtain bilayer samples that can be used as bone implants. The sintering behavior is studied by dilatometry and the effect of the layers’ configuration is established. To determine pore features, SEM and computed microtomography were used. Permeability is evaluated by numerical simulations in the 3D real microstructures and the mechanical properties are evaluated by compression tests. The results show that a graded porosity is obtained as a function of the size of the particle used.

How Amira-Avizo Software is used

The flow properties of porous samples were estimated by numerical simulations of permeability performed using Avizo® software (V8.0, ThermoFisher SCIENTIFIC, Waltham, MA, USA) on the 3D binary images containing porosity. Before the numerical simulations were run, the minimum representative volume (MRV) was estimated by cropping the image in small volume cubes (20 × 20 × 20 voxels) at the center of the image. Then the pore volume fraction for that volume was calculated. […] Simulations on Avizo are based on the Darcy law by solving Navier-Stokes equations with a finite volume method.